A very common question for Excel is, “How do I average in Excel?” The simplest way to do this is to use the AVERAGE function. In the example to the left, cell A5 has the following formula:
This returns the Average (mathematical mean) of the three numbers in the range from A1 to A3 inclusively. You can check it by computing (2+3+6)/3 = 3.667.
If you are at the bottom of a column of numbers that you want to average just type
in the cell that you want to show the average in. Before hitting the ENTER key, select the range of cells you want to include in the average. The formula will finish filling in the range and last parenthesis for you after you hit Enter.
Typing the formula below will give the same results as the example, but won’t update when you change any other cells:
Of course, if you want other types of mathematical averages other than the mean (which AVERAGE returns), then the MEDIAN and MODE functions are also available. They work similarly to AVERAGE, but return their respective mathematical counterparts of central tendency. Other tips and advanced averaging functions are available from Microsoft’s help website such as these:
- If you want to include logical values and text representations of numbers in a reference as part of the calculation, use the AVERAGEA function.
- If you want to calculate the average of only the values that meet certain criteria, use the AVERAGEIF function or the AVERAGEIFS function.